The orbital module TGO (Trace Gas Orbiter) joint Russian-European ExoMars (ExoMars) will include for the first time, their equipment and conduct the first measurement and the calibration 20-28 November, reported on the Russian site of the mission. About it writes RIA Novosti.
“20-28 November will be the first to integrate scientific instruments on Board the spacecraft Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) mission “ExoMars-2016″. Four covers — including two Russian — will hold the first calibration and measurements in highly elliptical orbit around the planet,” — said in the message.
Orbiter orbiting around the red planet on a very eccentric orbit, will be in 2017, gradually switch to working a circular orbit, using the method of braking by the atmosphere. After reaching the operating orbit and will include all devices of the apparatus. The beginning of their work is scheduled for late 2017 — early 2018.
On Board there are four TGO instrument to study the atmosphere and surface of Mars: NOMAD, CaSSIS, ACS and FREND. The last two designed and built at the space research Institute (IKI) Russian Academy of Sciences.
ECOMAG — the first in the history of cooperation between the European Union and Russia, the project to search for life on Mars. The launch of the project began with the launch of the carrier rocket “proton-M” with the upper stage “breeze-M” March 14, 2016 from Baikonur, when the ligament apparatus of TGO-“Schiaparelli” was displayed on the trajectory of the flight to Mars. The main objective of the Orbiter Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) to search for evidence of methane in the planet’s atmosphere, which could confirm the presence of life or activity in the present or the past of Mars. The purpose of Schiaparelli lander to test key technologies for the second expedition ExoMars, scheduled for 2020.
After the separation apparatuses 16 Oct 2016 TGO was successfully launched into an elliptical orbit, while the lander module “Schiaparelli” could not normally reach the surface of Mars. Communication with him was lost for about 50 seconds before the estimated time of landing. By assumption, representatives of the European space Agency (ESA), the device earlier than planned, opened the brake parachute, and its braking engines worked much less calculation time. The ESA later confirmed that the machine crashed while landing.